Pre Monsoon Vegetables & Greens

Greens and small veggies from AGV office

Vegetables and greens can be sown all year around according to the Indian Calendar making our climate one of the most conducive to farming. However, it is important to keep weather and changing climate in mind especially in the summer months where temperatures reach their hottest. Interesting, some of the bigger vegetables grow the best in the heat of the summer. Here is a low down on the ones you can plant right away in the humid-heat pre monsoon period of South India.

Name Family Sowing time Method (dibbling/ direct, transplant) Harvest time
May June July Aug
Cucumber Cucurbitaceae
Direct/Dibbling 40-50 days

– Bitter Gourd

– Snake Gourd

– Bottle Gourd

– Ridge Gourd

Direct/Dibbling 45-60 days
Brinjal Solanaceae
Transplant 100-130 days
Tomato Solanaceae
Transplant 110-120 days
Potato Solanaceae
Direct 75-120 days
Chilli Solanaceae
Direct/Transplant 60-120 days
Onion Amaryllidaceae
Direct/Transplant 100-150 days
Malabar Spinach Basellaceae
Direct 30-55 days
Okra Malvaceae
Direct 45-70 days

The Cucurbitaceae family of climber plants grows rapidly in the monsoon season. This includes all gourds, cucumbers and squashes. Similarly, the diverse vegetables of the Nightshade family, Solanaceae, fair well in the warmer wetter soils of the monsoon season.

You can mix and match your plants so that complimentary crops are grown together. For example, onion is often intercropped with the chilli plant. Likewise, okra and brinjal can support the growth of climbers such as cucumber and bitter gourd. Tomato is the most versatile and can be intercropped with all the above. However, it must be kept at a distance from the chilli as these attract the same pests and diseases.

Regardless of your chosen mode or method, treat your kitchen to these delicious homegrown vegetables and enjoy the process of rainy season gardening!

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